The Environment


The current poverty, population pressure and incidences of natural disasters
are directly linked to problems of natural resource degradation and depletion. Nine in every ten Ugandans have their livelihoods directly tied to nature-land, water, rain, plants, animals, birds, mountains, etc.

Unplanned, uncontrolled and unsustainable use of these resources has direct link to productivity. Unplanned and unsupervised agricultural practices in highland zones of Kabale, Kisoro, Kasese, Bushenyi, Kapchorwa and Mbale Districts have resulted in high rates of soil erosion, land slides and displacement of communities. Many areas of the country
show signs of intensive erosion.

The problem of soil degradation has been exacerbated by the fact that productivity is rapidly declining as human population is rapidly increasing (3.2% per year) demanding increased acreage on limited carrying capacity. Loss of ecological integrity, particularly of delicate ecosystems such as wetlands and mountain slopes are due to misguided policy informed by politics; poor economic management; politically engineered population pressure compounded by the government’s inability to reinvest in the environment and other socially desirable sectors.


Comprehensive National Environmental Policy Framework providing strict governance and regulatory measures for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Social Impact Assessment (SIA), conservation and restoration to maintain essential ecological processes and life-support systems on which human survival and development for the present and future generations depend.

Plan and Commitment

• Ensure permanent legal protection of Mabira Forest and similar national environmental patrimonies, so that they will never be sold or in any way destroyed.
• Review the existing national land-use policy and develop a comprehensive one to ensure prudent land use.
• Provide funding for continuous monitoring of land, forest, fisheries and water use at a national and district level.
• Provide institutional support and independence to the National Forest Authority, Uganda Wildlife Authority, the Wetlands Department, and the National Environment Management.

Authority for effective environment and natural resource management.

• Restore public ecosystems that have been fraudulently appropriated through corrupt practices under the current NRM regime and carry out reforestation for destroyed forests within 48 months.
• Propose the establishment of a multilateral Great Lakes Ecosystems Regional Environmental Authority / Framework (GLEMA/F) that brings together Uganda, Congo, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, in the sustainable management of the natural resources-water, fisheries, marine transport, forestry, etc-in the Great Lakes Watershed.

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